If you look at Getting a Diagnosis you will notice there is a checklist of symptoms from which children must have at least six symptoms from either, or both categories, while older adolescents and adults (over age 17 years) must present with five.
A child who is gifted academically and is not challenged in the classroom might display ADHD-like behaviors out of boredom, becoming inattentive, impatient, and disruptive. The same issues also can result from a poor educational fit or a classroom with a pervasive negative climate, a non-stimulating curriculum, or ineffective management.
An article in Clinical Endocrinology stated, “Despite being within the normal range, high TSH concentrations are associated with a lower cognitive function, and high TSH and low free T4 with ADHD symptoms”.
- Conditions that Mimic ADHD
- Conditions Similar to ADHD
- Conditions That Can Produce ADHD-Like Symptoms
- Care must be taken to rule out other conditions that may mimic ADHD
- ADHD symptoms (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) Looks Like?
- Conditions that mimic ADHD symptoms may include.
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Conditions that Mimic ADHD
Attention and concentration problems associated with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) may appear to be ADHD-related, but when delving deeper, a clearer picture emerges. Attention problems may be related to overfocusing, and problems in shifting attention may be due to obsessive thinking. A person with OCD may be slower to start and finish tasks because of the compulsive behaviors and rituals that they must complete first.
Insufficient sleep is also associated with increased frequency of risk-taking behaviors in teens, such as smoking, drinking alcohol, and taking drugs. The reasons for sleep disturbances can range from poor sleep habits to medical conditions that disrupt the sleep cycle, such as sleep apnea, restless legs syndrome, and other sleep disorders.
Some vision problem may require more specialised testing and treatment via a behavioural optometrist.
Conditions Similar to ADHD
ADHD has been associated with a risk for substance misuse. A person who is misusing drugs and/or alcohol can also have behavioral symptoms that mimic ADHD. Those symptoms can include difficulty concentrating, problems with memory, restlessness, irritability, talkativeness, sleep problems, moodiness, and academic or work difficulties.
Sleep disturbances can have a profound effect on the ability to focus. Other issues can include:
There are various vision problems that can occur:
Conditions That Can Produce ADHD-Like Symptoms
This is a difficult task because many ADHD diagnoses are often accompanied by a co-morbid condition diagnosis such as anxiety.
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Care must be taken to rule out other conditions that may mimic ADHD
Children and adults on the autism spectrum can have symptoms that resemble ADHD. They may become overexcited, hyperactive, and impulsive in stimulating environments, tend to focus on only those things that interest them, have trouble shifting focus, struggle to understand social cues and boundaries, and experience social impairments.
Fragile X Syndrome is a genetic condition causing intellectual disability, behavioural and learning challenges and various physical characteristics.
ADHD symptoms (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) Looks Like?
Receiving the correct treatment for the correct diagnosis, as early as possible, is vital as misdiagnosis can result in a delay or lack of appropriate treatment with significant impact on an individual.
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Conditions that mimic ADHD symptoms may include.
High motor activity and problems with inhibition are common characteristics of both tic disorders and ADHD. The fidgeting, motor movements, and random noises may hint at ADHD, but tics are defined by rapid, repeated, identical movements of the face or shoulders, or vocal sounds or phrases.
It appears in people of all ethnic, racial and socio-economic backgrounds.