How did ebola look like?

Making a quick diagnosis also eases the anxiety felt by families and communities as their loved ones await results.

The Ervebo vaccine has been shown to be effective in protecting people from the species Zaire ebolavirus and is recommended by the Strategic Advisory Group of Experts on Immunization as part of a broader set of Ebola outbreak response tools.

In the DRC, laboratory testing used a small diagnostic platform called GeneXpert. The first and only manual step is for a trained and skilled lab worker to inactivate the sample in a biosafe glove box, which renders it safe to be tested. The sample is then inserted into a cartridge and the rest is automated. A diagnosis can be made in hours.

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What Does Ebola Feel Like

WHO has a range of advice and guidance for managing Ebola outbreaks:

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The time from when someone gets infected to having symptoms is usually from 2 to 21 days. A person with Ebola can only spread the disease once they have symptoms. People can spread Ebola for as long as their body contains the virus, even after they have died.

If you have been to a place where people have been sick with Ebola or if you have been exposed to animals that carry the virus, you may be at risk for infection, especially if you:

Later stages of the illness can cause:

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It can be difficult to clinically distinguish Ebola virus disease from other infectious diseases such as malaria, typhoid fever and meningitis. Many symptoms of pregnancy and Ebola disease are also quite similar. Because of risks to the pregnancy and themselves, pregnant women should ideally be tested rapidly if Ebola is suspected.

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Blood, urine and other tests may be done regularly. This is to check for chemicals that show how well the organs are working. The tests also look for signs of the virus that continue or go away. Your blood pressure will be checked regularly.

The design of Ebola treatment centres is also changing. In the DRC, innovative Biosecure Emergency Care Units for Outbreaks – transparent safe individual ‘rooms’- were used by WHO partner ALIMA. This makes it easier for staff to safely care for patients, providing intensive care level monitoring and treatment, and enables families to see their loved ones safely and easily. It also helps eliminate some of the fear and rumours in communities about what happens inside ETCs.

How did ebola look like

7 facts you should know about the Ebola outbreak

Ebola is a virus that causes severe inflammation and tissue damage throughout the body. It is known as a hemorrhagic fever virus, because it can cause problems with the clotting system of the body and lead to internal bleeding, as blood leaks from small blood vessels. Six different species of the virus have been found, but only four are known to cause disease in humans.

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Scientists aren’t positive but believe outbreaks begin when the virus is transmitted from bats (which aren’t affected by the virus) to other animals, such as gorillas, chimpanzees and antelope (which are affected). People can become infected by hunting and handling or eating the meat of infected wild animals (bushmeat). It then spreads from person to person. 2

Supportive care may include:

Good outbreak control relies on applying a package of interventions, including case management, surveillance and contact tracing, a good laboratory service, safe burials and social mobilisation. Community engagement is key to successfully controlling outbreaks. Raising awareness of risk factors for Ebola infection and protective measures (including vaccination) that individuals can take is an effective way to reduce human transmission. Risk reduction messaging should focus on several factors:

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A GeneXpert cartrige. © Maciek Nabrdalik / VII for UNICEF

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Test results turned around quickly

Laboratory workers are also at risk. Samples taken from humans and animals for investigation of Ebola infection should be handled by trained staff and processed in suitably equipped laboratories.

Rapid laboratory testing can make or break an Ebola response. Faster test results mean faster access to care, which increases the chances of survival for confirmed patients. A rapid diagnosis helps prevent the spread of the disease among the family, friends, and others in the social network of a person confirmed to have Ebola. The faster these contacts are identified, the faster they can be vaccinated and protected from the disease. Quick testing is also critical for monitoring the effectiveness of outbreak control activities, for the work of burial teams, for the clinical management of patients, and for the Ebola survivors’ programme.

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